Hashimoto’s disease also called Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis, is a condition affecting the thyroid gland. Immunological disorders including an abnormal autoimmune response have been found to be the major causes of Hashimoto’s disease or Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis.
The thyroid is a small gland located at the base of your neck just below the Adam’s apple. It is a part of the endocrine system that produces hormones responsible for coordinating several functions in the body.
Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis occurs when the immune system attacks the gland and reduces its efficiency. It is also a common cause of hypothyroidism as it interferes with the ability of the gland to produce the thyroid hormones resulting in abnormal levels of T3 and T4.
The common symptoms of Hashimoto’s disease include fatigue, sluggishness, an increased sensitivity to cold, dry and pale skin, constipation, rash and puffiness of the face, brittle nails and hair loss. Some patients may also develop an enlargement of the tongue, pain in the joints and muscles and unexplained weight gain.
These symptoms can be relieved significantly by identifying and eliminating the causes of Hashimoto’s disease such as an improperly functioning immune system. Here is a brief discussion about the role played by immune system dysfunctions in the development of this disorder.
How do immune system dysfunctions contribute to the causes of Hashimoto’s disease?
Recent studies have confirmed the role of the immune system and the cytokines released due to an abnormal immune cell response in the pathogenesis of Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis.
An abnormal response of the immune system was found to be one of the major causes of Hashimoto’s disease. Research studies have revealed that the development of this condition occurs due to inefficient immune reactivity and tolerance to the thyroid autoantigens such as thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR), peroxidase (TPO), and thyroglobulin (TG).
These immune system abnormalities can lead to the infiltration of the thyroid gland by B cells and T cells that produce specific antibodies, which trigger the development of thyroiditis. This study has emphasized the need for immunological intervention in order to effectively manage Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis.
Organ-specific T-cell mediated response
Clinical research has helped in identifying the causes of Hashimoto’s disease. Findings have revealed that this condition occurs due to the organ-specific response of the immune system through the release of T-cells.
The risk of subclinical hypothyroidism is also found to be higher in patients suffering from Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis. This was evident as an increase in the serum thyrotropin (TSH) levels with normal serum levels of triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4).
A dramatic loss of thyroid follicular cells called thyrocytes and the presence of circulating autoantibodies to the primary thyroid-specific antigens such as thyroglobulin (Tg) was also observed in patients suffering from this disease.
These findings suggest a possible role in the development of antibodies in triggering the causes of Hashimoto’s disease.
Innate Immune Responses
An abnormal innate cell response has been demonstrated in patients diagnosed with Hashimoto’s disease in this clinical study.
The production of autoantibodies, as well as lymphocytic infiltration of the thyroid, have been observed in these patients. These studies have also shown that the innate immune response can affect the severity of the autoimmune reaction thus worsening the causes of Hashimoto’s disease.
The results of this study have indicated that this disease can occur following the activation of interferon-beta (IFN-β) promoter and a nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer for the activated B cells dependent promoter.
This results in an excess production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines, type I interferons, and chemokines, which cause damage to the thyroid gland and thus, trigger the causes of Hashimoto’s disease or Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis.
These facts point to the role of the immune system in the development of Hashimoto’s disease. Patients diagnosed with this disease are advised to seek immunological intervention, including the use of an immune system supplement such as BioPro-Plus.
This supplement has been formulated to enhance and modulate the normal functions of the immune system. It can help to prevent the causes of Hashimoto’s disease by regulating the production of autoantibodies. This can help to prevent the autoimmune response to the glands and relieve the symptoms and progress of Hashimoto’s disease or Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.